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Diagnostic Accuracy of FDG PET/CT in Suspected LVAD Infections: A Case Series, Systematic Review, and Meta-Analysis – JIMG May 2020
Description

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to describe our experience with fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography computed tomography (PET/CT) in diagnosing left ventricular assist device (LVAD) infections and perform a meta-analysis of published studies to determine overall diagnostic accuracy.

BACKGROUND: Device-related infections are a common complication of LVADs and are linked to worse outcomes. Diagnosis of LVAD infections remains challenging. FDG PET/CT has demonstrated good diagnostic accuracy in several other infectious conditions.

METHODS: This was a single-center, retrospective case series of FDG PET/CT scans in suspected LVAD infection between September 2015 and February 2018. A systematic review of PubMed from database inception through March 2018 was also conducted to identify additional studies.

RESULTS: Nineteen FDG PET/CT scans were identified for the retrospective case series. The systematic review identified an additional 3 publications, for a total of 4 studies involving 119 scans assessing diagnostic performance. Axial (n = 36) and centrifugal (n = 83) flow LVADs were represented. Pooled sensitivity was 92% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 82% to 97%) and specificity was 83% (95% CI: 24% to 99%) for FDG PET/CT in diagnosing LVAD infections. Summary receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis demonstrated an AUC of 0.94 (95% CI: 0.91 to 0.95).

CONCLUSIONS: FDG PET/CT for suspected LVAD infections demonstrates good diagnostic accuracy, with overall high sensitivity but variable specificity.

Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Y.S. Chandrashekhar, MD, DM, FACC

CME Editor
Ragavendra R. Baliga, MD

Authors
Marty C. Tam, MD
Venkatesh L. Murthy, MD, PhD

CME/MOC/ECME Information

Target Audience

JACC Journal CME/MOC is intended for physicians who treat patients with cardiovascular disease.

Important Dates

Date of Release: May 4, 2020
Term of Approval/Date of CME/MOC/ECME Expiration: May 3, 2021

Summary
Availability: On-Demand
Available May 04, 2020 to May 03, 2021
Cost: FREE
Credit Offered: 1 ABIM-MOC Point
1 CME Credit
1 ECME Credit
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