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Pre-Existing Left Bundle Branch Block and Clinical Outcomes After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (JACC Asia April 2024)
Pre-Existing Left Bundle Branch Block and Clinical Outcomes After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement



Background: Few reports on pre-existing left bundle branch block (LBBB) in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) are currently available. Further, no present studies compare patients with new onset LBBB with those with pre-existing LBBB.


Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the association between pre-existing or new onset LBBB and clinical outcomes after TAVR.


Methods: Using data from the Japanese multicenter registry, 5,996 patients who underwent TAVR between October 2013 and December 2019 were included. Patients were classified into 3 groups: no LBBB, pre-existing LBBB, and new onset LBBB. The 2-year clinical outcomes were compared between 3 groups using Cox proportinal hazards models and propensity score analysis to adjust the differences in baseline characteristics.


Results: Of 5,996 patients who underwent TAVR, 280 (4.6%) had pre-existing LBBB, while 1,658 (27.6%) experienced new onset LBBB. Compared with the no LBBB group, multivariable Cox regression analysis showed that pre-existing LBBB was associated not only with a higher 2-year all-cause (adjusted HR: 1.39; 95% CI: 1.06-1.82; P = 0.015) and cardiovascular (adjusted HR: 1.60; 95% CI: 1.04-2.48; P = 0.031) mortality, but also with higher all-cause (adjusted HR: 1.43, 95% CI: 1.07-1.91; P = 0.016) and cardiovascular (adjusted HR: 1.81, 95% CI:1.12-2.93; P = 0.014) mortality than the new onset LBBB group. Heart failure was the most common cause of cardiovascular death, with more heart failure deaths in the pre-existing LBBB group.


Conclusions: Pre-existing LBBB was independently associated with poor clinical outcomes, reflecting an increased risk of cardiovascular mortality after TAVR. Patients with pre-existing LBBB should be carefully monitored.


JACC: Asia Editor-in-Chief 

Jian’an Wang, MD, PhD, FACC

CME Editor 

Kenneth A. Ellenbogen, MD


Sabeeda Kadavath, MD

Important Dates

Date of Release: April 2, 2024
Term of Approval/Date of CME/MOC Expiration: April 1, 2025


Availability: On-Demand
Expires on Apr 01, 2025
Cost: FREE
Credit Offered:
1 CME Credit
1 ABIM-MOC Point
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