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Disparities in Diagnosis, Treatment, and Outcomes of Peripheral Artery Disease: JACC Scientific Statement (JACC December 2023-2)
Disparities by sex, race, socioeconomic status, and geography exist in diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes for people with lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD). PAD prevalence is similar in men and women, but women have more atypical symptoms and undergo lower extremity revascularization at older ages. Black American have an approximately two-fold higher prevalence of PAD, compared to White Americans, and more atypical symptoms, greater mobility loss, less optimal medical care, and higher amputation rates. While data are less available for other races, Hispanic Americans with PAD have higher amputation rates than White Americans. Rates of amputation vary by geography in the U.S., with the highest rates of amputation in the Southeastern U.S. To improve PAD outcomes, intentional actions to overcome disparities are necessary, including clinician education, patient education with culturally appropriate messaging, improved access to high quality healthcare, science focused on disparity elimination, and health policy changes. 

Valentin Fuster, MD, PhD, MACC

CME Editor
Ragavendra R. Baliga, MD

Sabeeda Kadavath, MD

Important Dates
Date of Release: December 4, 2023

Term of Approval/Date of CME/MOC Expiration: December 3, 2024
Availability: On-Demand
Expires on Dec 03, 2024
Cost: FREE
Credit Offered:
1 CME Credit
1 ABIM-MOC Point
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