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Chloride in Heart Failure: The Neglected Electrolyte (JACC Heart Failure December 2021)

The increasing burden of heart failure (HF) and emerging knowledge regarding chloride as a prognostic marker in HF have increased the interest in the pathophysiology and interactions of chloride abnormalities with HF-related factors and treatments.


Christopher O’Connor, MD, FACC

Executive Editor
Mona Fiuzat, PharmD, FACC

JACC Heart Failure CME Editors
Tariq Ahmad, MD, MPH
Adam DeVore, MD
Abhinav Sharma, MD
Mitchell Psotka, MD, PhD
Kishan Parikh, MD

Justin A. Ezekowitz, MBBCH, MSC

Important Dates

Date of Release: November 29, 2021
Term of Approval/Date of CME/MOC/ECME Expiration: November 28, 2022

Availability: Retired
Cost: FREE
Credit Offered:
No Credit Offered
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