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Neuromodulation for the Treatment of Refractory Ventricular Arrhythmias - JCEP February 2023
Neuromodulation is increasingly recognized as a therapeutic strategy for patients with refractory ventricular arrhythmias (VAs). Percutaneous stellate ganglion blockade (SGB), transcutaneous magnetic stimulation (TcMS), and surgical cardiac sympathetic denervation (CSD) have all been utilized in this setting.

Kalyanam Shivkumar, MD, PhD, FACC 

CME Editor
Kenneth A. Ellenbogen, MD, FACC

Mahmoud Houmsse, MD, FACC  

Important Dates
Date of Release: February 27, 2023
Term of Approval/Date of CME/MOC Expiration: February 26, 2024
Availability: Retired
Cost: FREE
Credit Offered:
No Credit Offered
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