Video 4: Time Management, Delegation, and Succession Planning
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Video Transcription
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I'm John McPherson, Professor of Medicine and Vice Chair for Education in the Department of Medicine at Vanderbilt University.
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I am also the Program Director for our Internal Medicine Residency Program. I would like to speak with you today about three important skills critical for any fellowship
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or other program director, time management, delegation, and succession planning. As physicians and program directors, we have a somewhat unique mix of responsibilities
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that include clinical responsibilities, but then additionally our duties as educational leaders. A 2012 study surveyed physicians in a matched population of other U.S. workers.
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The study focused on career satisfaction, and this data represents relative satisfaction with quantity of both personal and family life, time by job.
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This data demonstrates that physicians in general have lower career satisfaction with respect to time away from work compared to other American workers.
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Take a moment to consider your personal reaction to this data. In addition, the unpredictable nature of our work can lead to longer hours, work done at
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home, and increased stress and fatigue. This all has the potential to create chaos in our lives and disrupt our work-life integration.
Video Summary
In this video, Dr. John McPherson discusses three important skills for program directors: time management, delegation, and succession planning. He emphasizes the unique responsibilities of program directors, which include teaching, curriculum planning, assessment, and leadership. Dr. McPherson suggests that prioritizing goals, allocating time effectively, and respecting cognitive limits are keys to managing daily workflow. He also highlights the importance of saying no and delegating tasks to others. Additionally, he advises program directors to actively plan for succession and mentor junior faculty. Ultimately, Dr. McPherson encourages program directors to enjoy their role and find fulfillment in their work.
Asset Caption
References:

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4. Mark, G., Gudith, D., & Klocke, U. (2008). The cost of interrupted work: More speed and stress. In Proceeding of the twenty-sixth annual SIGCHI conference on human factors in computing systems association for computing machinery, April 5–10, 2008, Florence, Italy.

5. Pangaro, L. Leadership Careers in Medical Education. ACP Press; 2010.

6. Pitre C, et al. Physician time management. MedEdPORTAL. 2018;14:10681.

7. Rogers R, Monsell S. (1995). Costs of a Predictable Switch Between Simple Cognitive Tasks. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. 124. 207-231.

8. Shanafelt T, Boone S, Tan L, et al. Burnout and satisfaction with work-life balance among US physicians relative to the general US population. Arch of Intern Med. 2012; 172(18): 1377-1385.

9. Williams, FK. (Ed). The Toolkit Series: A Textbook for Internal Medicine Education Programs. Alliance for Academic Internal Medicine; 2017.
Keywords
program directors
time management
delegation
succession planning
mentoring junior faculty
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